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Key Terms

Bill of Rights: The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution which guarantee personal freedoms and rights, including free speech, freedom of belief, and the right to peaceful assembly and to petition the government.

 

Civil Rights: Rights that belong to citizens of a particular country. Many of the civil rights enjoyed by U.S. citizens are defined in the U.S. Constitution.

 

Discrimination: The unfair treatment of different people based on race, religion, gender or sex, sexual orientation, or national origin.

 

Human Rights: The most fundamental rights that belong to all people on the basis of their shared humanity.

 

Genocide: The deliberate killing of a large group of people, with the intent to destry those of a particular ethnic group or nation.

 

Persecution: The systematic mistreatment of different people based on race, religion, gender or sex, sexual orientation, or national origin.

 

Prejudice: An unfavorable or hostile opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason. Often held toward different people based on race, religion, gender or sex, sexual orientation, or national origin.

 

Social Justice: Movements that support human rights through promoting a just society by challenging injustice, valuing diversity and equality for all people.

Examples

International

ARTICLE 19

“Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.”


Domestic

ARTICLE 25

"Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control."

Mr. Casey Brough | South Portland High School | 637 Highland Avenue | South Portland, Maine | 04106