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Definitions

comics: "Juxtaposed pictorial and other images in deliberate sequence, intended to convey information and/or to produce an aesthetic response in the viewer," Scott McCloud in Understanding Comics, 1993.

 

‚Äčsequential art: "A literary medium that narrates by arrangement of images and text in an intelligible sequence," Will Eisner in Comics and Sequential Art, 1985.

Formats

comic strip: Comics that appear daily in newspapers, usually three or four panels each; larger colorful versions appear in Sunday editions. (GarfieldFoxtrot)

 

comic book: Monthly paper issues of about 22 to 32 pages, often republished in collected volumes. (Ms. MarvelLumberjanes)

 

graphic novel: Longer form stories told in comic format, either as stand-alone books or series. (DramaAmulet)

Scott McCloud: Understanding Comics

Ancient Egypt

The ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead uses images and text (hieroglyphics) in sequence to show the process of a human passing to the afterlife.

Layout

panel: One segment of the story or action; the individual box or frame.

 

gutter: The space between panels.

 

tier: One row of panels.

 

splash page: One page that consists entirely of one illustration.

 

spread: An image that spreads across multiple pages (a two-page spread is most common).

Elements

speech balloon: Contains a characters spoken dialogue with a pointer or tail to indicate the speaker.

 

thought bubble: Shows a character's unvoiced thoughts in a cloud shape, using bubbles as an indicator.

 

caption: A rectangular box which provides a narration, sometimes used for dialog when the character speaking is not pictured in the panel.

 

sound effects: Or onomatopoeia are words that mimic sound like "Pow!" or "Buzz."

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