Although we often focus on websites when we discuss evaluating sources, you should not assume that just because something is written in a book or in an academic journal that it must be true. All sources should be read with a critical eye.
Who is the author? Are they an expert?
What information is provided? Is this information consistent with other sources?
When was the information published?
Where did the author find their information? Is there a bibliography or works cited list?
Why did the author publish this information? (To educate or inform? To persuade? To sell a product?)
Adapted from Kathy Schrock's Critical Evaluation resources.
An independent fact-checking journalism website. Every fact-check includes analysis of the claim, an explanation of reasoning and a list of links to all sources.
Independently funded and apolitical, Snopes is a well-respected resource for research into urban legends, rumors, hoaxes, and fake news stories.
Fact checking from the Washington Post newspaper by award-winning journalist Glenn Kessler.
A nonpartisan, nonprofit “consumer advocate” for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics.