Founded: between 2300 BCE and 1500 BCE
Origin: Indus Valley, Ancient India
Sacred Texts: The Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, and many others
Current Population: 1.15 billion
Brahma: Creator god with four faces
Vishnu: Preserves and protects the universe
Shiva: Destroyer god
Other Important Deities
Ganesha: Remover of obstacles, god of new beginnings, success and wisdom
Kali: Goddess of time, creation, destruction and power
Krishna: God of compassion, tenderness and love
Lakshmi: Goddess of wealth, fortune and prosperity
Saraswati: Goddess of knowledge, music, art, wisdom and learning
Atman: inner self or soul; the spiritual life principle of the universe, especially when regarded as inherent in the real self of the individual.
Dharma: The eternal and inherent nature of reality, regarded in Hinduism as a cosmic law underlying right behavior and social order.
Karma: Universal law of cause and effect.
Moksha: Release from the cycle of rebirth impelled by the law of karma.
Samsara: Continuous cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (reincarnation).