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Fast Facts

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Polytheistic

 

Founded: between 2300 BCE and 1500 BCE

 

Origin: Indus Valley, Ancient India

 

Sacred Texts: The Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, and many others

 

Followers: Hindus

 

Current Population: 1.15 billion

Links

Introduction to Hinduism

What Is The History of Hinduism?

Hinduism in a Nutshell

Books in the Library

Hindu Deities

Holy Trinity

 

Brahma: Creator god with four faces

 

Vishnu: Preserves and protects the universe

 

Shiva: Destroyer god


Other Important Deities

 

Ganesha: Remover of obstacles, god of new beginnings, success and wisdom 

 

Kali: Goddess of time, creation, destruction and power

 

Krishna: God of compassion, tenderness and love

 

Lakshmi: Goddess of wealth, fortune and prosperity

 

Saraswati: Goddess of knowledge, music, art, wisdom and learning

Important Concepts

Atman: inner self or soul; the spiritual life principle of the universe, especially when regarded as inherent in the real self of the individual.

 

Dharma: The eternal and inherent nature of reality, regarded in Hinduism as a cosmic law underlying right behavior and social order.

 

Karma: Universal law of cause and effect.

 

Moksha: Release from the cycle of rebirth impelled by the law of karma.

 

Samsara: Continuous cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (reincarnation).

Ms. Elizabeth Gartley | Daniel F. Mahoney Middle School | 240 Ocean Street | South Portland, Maine | 04106 | Tel: 207-799-7386