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Jainism

ahimsa

 

Founded: Around 500 BCE

 

Origin: Ancient India

 

Founder: Jina Vardhamana Mahavira 

 

Sacred Texts: Tirthankara Rishabhanatha and other scriptures called Agamas

 

Followers: Jains

 

Current Population: 4 to 5 million


Sikhism

sihk kanda

 

Founded: Late 1400s

 

Origin: Punjab, India

 

Founder: Guru Nanak

 

Sacred Text: Guru Granth Sahib

 

Followers: Sikhs

 

Current Population: 30 million


Taoism

yin yang

 

 

Founded: 300s BCE

 

Origin: Ancient China

 

Founder: Laozi (or Lao Tzu)

 

Sacred Texts: Tao Te Ching, Zhuangzi, I Ching

 

Followers: Taoists

 

Current Population: 12 to 173 million


Bahá'í Faith

bahai star

 

Founded: 1863

 

Origin: Iran and the Middle East

 

Founder: Bahá'u'lláh

 

Sacred Texts: The  writings of Bahá'u'lláh and others

 

Followers: Bahá'ís

 

Current Population: 5 to 7 million


Shinto

 

shinto torii

 

 

Founded: 700 CE or earlier

 

Origin: Japan

 

Sacred Texts: Several books of lore and history

 

Followers: Shinto practitioners, Shintoists

 

Current Population: 100 million


Ms. Elizabeth Gartley | Daniel F. Mahoney Middle School | 240 Ocean Street | South Portland, Maine | 04106 | Tel: 207-799-7386