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Willard Boyle and George Smith shared the 2009 Nobel Prize in physics for their work in the invention of the charge-coupled device (CCD). A CCD captures light and converts it into an electric signal, which can then be used to produce an image. CCD’s serve as the primary element in most digital cameras.

Source: "Boyle, Willard Sterling." Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia, 2016, p. 1p. 1. EBSCOhost,,ip,uid&db=funk&AN=BO155450&site=eds-live.